The Indian education system is old. It is primarily centered on textbook knowledge. From the very beginning we are taught not to think, but to cram. Stress is given on learning the multiplication tables, rather than explaining what multiplying two numbers actually means. Answers are marked in the textbooks itself. Students cram the same lines from the textbook and print those exact words in the examination. Teachers focus more on completing the syllabus than actually imparting knowledge. The grammatical rules are imprinted into the students’ brains while the actual literature content is hurried through. And then they ask why Indian students prefer to go abroad for higher education. It’s because from kindergarten to 12th, they have had enough experience of this system and they know it in their hearts that to succeed, they need better education than what is provided in most of the Indian colleges, except a few elite. So the Development of Scientific Thinking in Indian Education System is very important.
Raising the children to think by themselves instead of spoon feeding them the topics and questions is the most important strategy to improve the standards of education. Getting children into separate tuitions before they can learn what’s 10+2 is just preparing them for failure. And believe me, people who are raised this way, do fail. Whether it be academics or in some other aspect of life because when they face a problem they have not been taught to tackle, they wont be able to come up with a solution.
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Development of scientific thinking is one of the many methods one can use towards a better cognitive function of the child’s mind. This method includes a series of procedures or steps that a scientist follows to tackle a problem. Don’t confuse it with actually deciphering a complex equation or looking for the cure of cancer. Its much more than that. Its applications range from figuring out a way to win an election to learning how tie one’s shoes.
Following are the most fundamental steps of of development of Scientific Thinking –
1. Question: this is the most important step. Here, the person decided or figures out the actual problem that he wants to solve. If one doesn’t even have a question, there is no answer.
2. Hypothesis: in this method, after he has defined a particular problem, the person then formulates a possible theory for the solution. He comes up with ideas of his own as to what might be the problem and then figure out a solution. This develops one’s independent thinking.
3. Experiment: now, he needs to prove the hypothesis or theory. To do that, he must conduct a series of experiments whose results will conclude whether the hypothesis is correct or not
4. Observation: after the experiments are finished, he will observe the results and note them down for further investigation.
5. Analysis: once the results of the experiments are in order, the next step is to compare the results with the original hypothesis which was formed in the second step. Based on the observation, the person has to analyze whether the observation explains the problem according to the theory
6. Conclusion: after analyzing the results, the person will simply state whether the theory was correct or not.
These are the most basic steps for development of scientific thinking. However, these may not be followed in the exact same order as above. Real scientists have to go back to previous steps when they get stuck at some point. Sometimes they have to repeat several steps over and over again in order to make sure they didn’t make any mistakes. A very tiny mistake may result in a fatal result, which is not affordable. Similar thinking can be applied in education and other aspects of life.
Before making big decisions, or even smaller ones, a person must consider all the possible outcome that he can think of and then, based on the above method, take a very informed and strategic decision, rather than doing something he was taught to do. This is where the difference between a trained person and an intelligent person becomes clear. A trained person will do what he is taught to do in situations that he is already familiar with. However, an intelligent person will figure out a way to adapt and find a way out of situations he has never even heard of. That’s because he has developed his mind in such a way that he does not need to learn, he simply has to devise.
I guess we all know which kind of people have a greater chance to succeed. So sooner the Development of Scientific Thinking in Indian Education System is adopted the better it would be.