What is Urban Poverty and Challenges posed by it

urban poverty
urban poverty

The urban poverty comprises the urban poor, which in my opinion, are those people living in urban areas who lack the basic facilities on offer such as food, household, electricity, water, gas connection, are forced to commute long distances to work. While recently a term called “urban millennial poor” has surfaced describing those who earn less than what they spend to keep up their appearances, the miniscule minority of this population can not be used to define urban poor. The lifestyle choices of these people and not their state of deprivation, affect their status quo. The majority population still lack basic entitlements such as food, house etc. According to SECC data, 35% of urban Indian households qualify as poor. This is way above earlier estimates of the urban below poverty line (BPL) population for 2011-12, which ranged from 13.7 per cent as per the Tendulkar Committee’s methodology to 26.4 per cent going by the Rangarajan expert panel’s formula. The SECC numbers probably have greater credibility, as they are based on actual door-to-door enumeration which identifies deprived or poor households by defined parameters of exclusion: government employment, income tax status, ownership of two-wheelers or refrigerators, farming of at least five acres of irrigated land, etc.

The challenges posed by urban poverty:

1) Social Urban Poverty

a. Increase in crime rate

b. Lack of education may perpetrate conservative ideology

c. Problems such as Child labour etc

d. Unplanned urbanization

2) Developmental Urban Poverty

a. Greater amount of resources diverted to tackle poverty leading to lack of funds for maintaining city infrastructure

b. Poor literacy

c. Health issues would abound – greater risk of communicable diseases spreading, poor sanitation etc

d. Lack of adequate housing

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About Sneha Sharma 26 Articles
Hello friends I am a fun loving girl who is fond of travelling and reading books. I am a die hard movie fan and believe in social work as it is us who are going to change this society.